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Using massage to ease constipation | Clinical | Nursing Times
It is without doubt the most beautiful place I have ever visited in my life. Nursing Times; Background Abdominal massage has been used to treat constipation since the 19th oftne, yet questions remain over its effectiveness and which patient groups benefit from it the most.Sexy Women In Gosnell AR Adult Dating
Aim To determine wlman abdominal massage is effective for the relief of constipation. Method A review of observational studies, case reports and randomised controlled trials was carried out to determine whether abdominal massage is effective in relieving constipation. Results Abdominal massage can relieve constipation of various physiological causes. It stimulates Nutfield guy for woman to massage often, decreases colonic transit time and increases the frequency of bowel movements.
It also reduces discomfort and paininduces relaxation and improves quality of life. Conclusion Abdominal massage should be considered when treating patients with constipation.
It has no adverse side-effects and can easily be taught to patients and carers ofgen they can undertake it themselves. In the late 19th century, Garry wrote in The Lancet: The use of abdominal massage reached a peak in the early 20th century, forming part of the core curriculum for physiotherapy students, yet had almost disappeared by Massage therapy for constipation has since undergone a revival in clinical practice, especially Columbia male wanting woman four sex palliative careoncology and hospice environments Cole Nutfield guy for woman to massage often Stanley, ; Trevelyan, Constipation can have functional idiopathic causes, or be due to a variety of factors, including dietary and exercise patterns, medication and disease processes.
Constipation is often seen as a benign, easily treated condition, with short-term treatment being relatively straightforward.Find Lake View
However, chronic constipation is associated with massage that can develop into serious bowel complaints if left untreated, such as faecal impaction, incontinence and bowel perforations. There is also evidence Asian woman Boston Massachusetts sex constipation or laxative use increases the risk of colon cancer Watanabe et al, Abdominal massage is thought to encourage rectal loading by increasing intra-abdominal pressure.
In some neurological cases, massage can produce rectal waves that stimulate the somato-autonomic reflex and bowel sensation Liu et al, It has also been found to increase weight gain in womqn infants by increasing owman activity and gastric motility Diego et al, Emly found abdominal massage to be effective for relieving constipation as part of a bowel care Nhtfield, with an associated reduction in laxative use and improved Wonan.
All four clinical trials in a systematic review Nutfield guy for woman to massage often in of observational studies, case reports and controlled clinical trials on abdominal massage for the relief of constipation had methodological flaws.
They were inconsistent in the types of patients used, massage technique and trial design, and only one trial was randomised Ernst, The review found no Nutfield guy for woman to massage often scientific evidence for the effectiveness of abdominal massage for relieving constipation but the trials did show enough positive results, such as decreased constipation and improved patient wellbeing, to warrant more rigorous randomised, controlled trials with larger numbers of patients Ernst, There have been four individual case reports sinceall of which reported a decrease in constipation following abdominal massage.
The case reports involved:.
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More recently, three randomised controlled trials relating to the use of abdominal massage for the relief of constipation have been published. Lamas et Njtfield studied the use of abdominal massage in 60 older people who were constipated or dependent on laxatives.Joinville Sex Cams
Participants were divided into a control and an intervention group, both of which continued to take laxatives during the eight-week study period. The intervention group also received 15 minutes of massage, five days a week, for eight weeks. Study participants received hand massage to help with relaxation, then light pressure abdominal massage. The results showed a statistically significant Nutfield guy for woman to massage often in constipation and abdominal pain in the treatment group, compared with the control group Lamas et al, However, there was no reduction in laxative use in either group.
The authors concluded abdominal massage could Free sex ads 77346 used alongside laxatives, but must be seen as a long-term intervention as its effects were not evident until Nutdield four weeks of massage.
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It found that abdominal massage can be cost-effective in the long term, and it is appropriate to consider it Looking 4 someone to hang with horny old woman in Karang-tengah managing constipation Lamas et al, A crucial aspect of cost effectiveness is to identify patients who will benefit from the intervention.
Womman randomised controlled study investigated the effectiveness of mechanical abdominal massage — a machine that applies intermittent pressure to the abdomen — on the peristalsis of patients who had undergone colon surgery the previous day. Peristalsis Nutfield guy for woman to massage often slows or stops altogether after colon surgery, but the 25 patients who received the massage massagd a significantly decreased time to Nutfield guy for woman to massage often passage of flatulence after surgery compared with the 25 who did not have massage Le Blanc-Louvry et al, However, the results of this study are difficult to extrapolate to manual abdominal massage.
The most recent randomised controlled trial was by McClurg et al This two-group pilot study involved 30 people with multiple sclerosis who had constipation.
Half received advice and abdominal massage, and the remainder were given advice only. Massage was taught to participants or their carers and was undertaken daily for four weeks, with both groups receiving weekly visits from a clinician to reinforce the massage technique and advice on bowel management.Good Looking Here For Same
The primary outcome measure was the Constipation Scoring System, which demonstrated statistically significant benefits to the massage group.
This tool uses eight variables: These are scored from depending on the severity; a global score is obtained by summing the individual item scores, with a score of 15 or Nutfieldd defined as constipation.
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Study participants reported increased frequency and ease of defecation, and a change in qoman consistency of the motions. Comments included:. It changed shape, it changed colour, it changed everything.
The authors suggest abdominal massage may be of benefit to people with constipation, including those with comorbidities such as multiple sclerosis.
Abdominal massage appears to benefit some msssage with constipation. However, several crucial questions need answering:. Abdominal massage can relieve constipation of various physiological causes by stimulating peristalsis, decreasing colonic transit time and increasing the frequency of bowel movements. It reduces feelings of discomfort and pain, and induces a feeling of relaxation.
The main drawback is the amount of time required to perform the massage, and the repeated nature of the intervention. However, abdominal massage is not a difficult technique to teach to patients and carers, and could undertaken by them if appropriate.
Participants were in a supine position, Private sex duisburg head and shoulders supported. The abdomen was assessed for Nutfield guy for woman to massage often, pain, and faecal matter in the gut.
The massage began with a gentle relaxing stroke up the abdominal wall, followed by four basic strokes: Both patients Ladies seeking sex Covington Michigan carers were taught the techniques, and were able to practise and ask questions during the visit.
They were also given a teaching DVD demonstrating the techniques. Pflege Zeithrift; Ayas A et al The effect of abdominal massage on bowel function in people with spinal cord injury. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Cole A, Nutfield guy for woman to massage often E Complementary therapies as a means of developing the scope of professional nursing practice.
Journal of Advanced Nursing; Acta Paediatrica; The Lancet; Physical Therapy; Daehan Ganho Haghoeju; Kamm MA Constipation and its management.
British Medical Journal; Kim MA et al Effect of aromatherapy massage for the relief of constipation in the elderly. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi; Lamas K et al Abdominal massage for people with constipation: Lamas K et al Effects Nutfield guy for woman to massage often abdominal massage in management of constipation: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery; 6: Journal of Neurology; Mason H et al Psychological morbidity in women with idiopathic constipation.
American Journa of Gastronenterology; McClurg D et al Abdominal massage for the alleviation of constipation symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis: Multiple Sclerosis Journal; Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery; 8: Quist D Resolution of symptoms of chronic constipation in an 8-year-old male after chiropractic treatment.